Water Damage Restoration

Water Damage Restoration with Olivas Restoration

Often people in Nevada assume that because we live in the desert, there is rarely a need for water damage restoration. However broken pipes, faulty appliances, and backed-up sewer lines can cause extensive damage to a home if not properly addressed. Two ways of classifying water damage events are 1.) the cleanliness of the water and 2.) the difficulty in removing the moisture.

Water Damage Restoration Categories

Category 1: "Clean Water" is from a source that poses no substantial harm to people. Water that overflowed while running your bath water, leaking from a supply line from an ice maker, dishwasher or clothes washer are good examples. This assumes that the surfaces being flooded are reasonably clean. Flooding from clean water is usually treated by extracting standing water. Air movers are set up to create evaporation and dehumidifiers to remove moisture from the air. After 48 hours, Category 1 can become a Category 2.

Category 2: "Grey Water" poses health risks due to significant levels of contamination of bacteria, mold, and/or chemicals. This includes dirty water from washing machines, and dishwashers, as well as leaks from water beds, broken aquariums, and urine. The water restoration technician should wear some personal protection equipment (PPE). The carpet padding is usually removed and replaced because its sponge-like structure offers the perfect environment for bacterial and mold growth. Due to rampant bacterial breeding and mold growth, Category 2 becomes a Category 3 situation if left untreated for 2 days or more.

Category 3: "Black Water" contains disease-causing organisms, toxins and is grossly unsanitary. Typical black water conditions occur from a sewer backflow, a broken toilet bowl containing feces, and rising flood waters. (Rising flood water is considered Category 3 because of the possibility of chemicals and organisms found in awn chemicals, fertilizers, animal feces, decaying ground debris, and over-filled sewer and septic systems.) Tetanus and other serious diseases are likely to be present in rising flood waters. The water restoration technician must wear personal protection equipment. Affected objects such as carpets, padding, and sheetrock must be removed and disposed of. A biocide must be applied to kill microorganisms on the site.

Classifying Water Damage

Class 1: Limited water intrusion in a room with little sustained damage. Class 1 is applied to rooms that are only partially affected by water, or a room with little or no carpet or pad. Very little if any wicking up the all is present.

Class 2: Water has spread throughout the room and has wicked up the walls less than 24 inches. The carpet and pad are wet in at least one whole room. Water is absorbed into construction materials such as subfloors, framing members, etc.

Class 3: Water is invasive as walls, ceiling, structural members, floor coverings, subfloor, etc. have incurred sustained damage and are virtually saturated with water. Often the cause of the flooding has come from overhead from damaged upstairs plumbing running inside of walls or ceiling, a damaged fire sprinkler line, or evaporate cooler line. Wall wicking above 24 inches. It may require specialty equipment.

Class 4: Water is bound in the material or is inaccessible to conventional air movers. Advanced techniques and specialty equipment are required, as well as longer time periods. Examples of bound water include water-soaked hardwood floor planks, water wicked in sheetrock walls covered with a vinyl wall covering, paneling, or oil-based paint. Inaccessible areas include the cavities beneath and behind cabinets, inside walls and crawlspaces, etc.

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